Narcolepsy patients do not fit any specific profile. The disorder is found in all types of people around the world. Males and females, have it in equal numbers. Although there is a genetic component to narcolepsy, most narcolepsy patients have no known relative with the disorder. Research has found that if a person. has certain genes, he or she is more likely to have narcolepsy, However, having these genes does not always mean that narcolepsy will result.